Home The Top 10 Fresh Construction Dissertation Ideas If you are working on a dissertation in a construction-related field, you will need to create a topic that is timely and unique. Fortunately, in the world of construction, there are always new methods and practices that engineers, architects, and city planners are developing, so the fresh topics for dissertations are constantly evolving. Here are 10 fresh ideas for you construction dissertation: This topic is at top conversation in most communities as roadways continue to crumble.
History[ edit ] The sociological theory of postmaterialism was developed in the s by Ronald Inglehart.
After extensive survey research, Inglehart postulated that the Western societies under the scope of his Thesis construction safety were undergoing transformation of individual values, switching from materialist values, emphasizing economic and physical security, to a new set of postmaterialist values, which instead emphasized autonomy and self-expression.
Observing that the younger people were much more likely to embrace postmaterialist values, Inglehart speculated that this silent revolution was not merely a case of a life-cycle change, with people becoming more materialist as they aged, but a genuine example of generational replacement causing intergenerational value change.
The scarcity hypothesis The socialization hypothesis The scarcity hypothesis[ edit ] Inglehart assumed that individuals pursue various goals in something akin to a hierarchical order. While people may universally aspire to freedom and autonomy, the most pressing material needs like hunger, thirst and physical security have to be satisfied first, since they are immediately linked with survival.
According to Inglehart's interpretation of Abraham Maslow 's hierarchy of human goalswhile scarcity prevails, these materialistic goals will have priority over postmaterialist goals like belonging, esteem, and aesthetic and intellectual satisfaction. Thesis construction safety, once the satisfaction of the survival needs can be taken for granted, the focus will gradually shift to these "non-material" goods.
A large body of evidence indicates that people's basic values are largely fixed when they reach adulthood, and change relatively little thereafter. On the other hand, cohorts who have experienced sustained high material affluence start to give high priority to values such as individual improvement, personal freedomcitizen input in government decisions, the ideal of a society based on humanismand maintaining a clean and healthy environment.
Together, these two hypotheses carry the implication that, given long periods of material affluence, a growing part of society will embrace postmaterialist value systems, an implication which has been indeed borne out internationally in the past 30 years of survey data.
The postmaterial orientations acquired by each cohort during socialization have been observed to remain remarkably steady over the time-frame of multiple decades, being a more stable value -system in contrast to the more volatile political and social attitudes.
Measuring postmaterialism[ edit ] There are several ways of empirically measuring the spread of postmaterialism in a society. A common and relatively simple way is by creating an index from survey respondents' patterns of responses to a series of items which were designed to measure personal political priorities.
Maintaining order in the nation. Giving people more say in important political decisions. Protecting freedom of speech.
On the basis of the choices made among these four items, it is possible to classify our respondents into value priority groups, ranging from a "pure" acquisitive type to a "pure" post- bourgeois type, with several intermediate categories.
Amongst others, the validitythe stability, and the causation of postmaterialism has been doubted. The so-called "Inglehart-index" has been included in several surveys e. From to the share of "pure post-materialists" increased from 13 to 31 per cent in West Germany. After the economic and social stress caused by German reunification in it dropped to 23 per cent in and stayed on that level afterwards.
International data from the World Values Survey show the highest percentage of postmaterialists in Australia 35 per cent followed by Austria 30 per centCanada 29 per centItaly 28 per centArgentina 25 per centUnited States 25 per centSweden 22 per centNetherlands 22 per centPuerto Rico 22 per cent etc.
In some way postmaterialism may be described as super-materialism. German data show that there is a tendency towards this orientation among young people, in the economically rather secure public service, and in the managerial middle class.An interview study in a major Norwegian construction company was conducted to analyse learning from reports of unwanted occurrences (RUO).
Systems for reporting unwanted occurrences are on of the most important tools in systematic safety management to ensure efficient experience feedback that will improve safety performance.
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What is a Safety Spud?Lets look at a few more spud head activities in risk and safety Coming on to site saying there is a safety issue when in fact there’s no such thing, it’s a political issue The Construction division develops, manufactures and sells mainly light construction products for sawing, drilling, grinding, polishing and demolishing concrete, steel and other hard materials.
The advancement and recent deployment of various sensing and mobile computing technologies on construction jobsite has provided an opportunity to achieve an autonomous safety monitoring system to prevent falling from height and hence improve safety performance of the industry.