For Barrie this was a year of records set, both for better and for worse. We became the third most expensive city in Canada in which to rent an apartment, after only Vancouver and Toronto.
Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier promised that the 20th century would be the century of Canada.
People looked forward to a new era of prosperity and progress, and they were ready to try new things.
The public mood was exactly right for the introduction of parole. It shall be lawful for the Governor General by an order in writing under the hand and seal of the Secretary of State to grant to any convict under sentence of imprisonment in a penitentiary a license to be at large in Canada, or in such part thereof as in such license shall be mentioned, during such portion of his term of imprisonment, and upon such conditions in all respects as to the Governor General may seem fit; and the Governor General may from time to time revoke or alter such license by a like order in writing.
There was no reference in the text to the purpose of conditional release, though ticket of leave was generally understood to be a form of pardon. Prime Minister Laurier, in introducing the new legislation, described the kind of person the act was designed for: There is a good report on him while in confinement and it is supposed that if he were given another chance, he would be a good citizen.
This statement reflected the growing concern about the effects of imprisonment on young and first offenders. Penitentiaries, many people believed, were schools of crime where the relatively innocent should not be kept.
There were other considerations as well. Parole could be used to mitigate disparities in prison sentences, which caused a great deal of discontent among prison inmates.
The sooner a man could be paroled, the sooner he could get back to supporting himself and his family. The act did not set any minimum term of imprisonment before parole could be granted.
Nor did it make any provision for supervision, though prisoners on ticket of leave had to register with and report regularly to the local chief of police.
They also had to agree to obey the law, abstain from leading an "idle and dissolute life" and avoid the company of "notoriously bad characters. Full investigation of each case was the responsibility of officials in the Department of Justice, and administrators were allowed considerable leeway.
Parole was granted at the discretion of the Minister of Justice — there were no guidelines. In practice, it was pretty much reserved for first offenders, the so-called accidental criminals.
Because ticket of leave was considered an experiment, the government took a cautious approach at first.
There were fears that parolees might discredit the system by behaving badly and that undeserving inmates might make a cynical use of the system.
In the beginning, the Governor General granted paroles on the advice of Cabinet as a whole. The act was later amended so that the power to advise the Governor General was limited to the Minister of Justice.
This was a significant departure from traditional practice in the use of executive clemency; it was an attempt to separate parole decisions from politics.
Even so, because conditional release was still in the hands of an elected minister, public opinion would still have a strong, and sometimes questionable, influence on policy. Clermont, who had been convicted of stealing a letter.
On November 29,he was released from St. Vincent de Paul Penitentiary in Montreal. Of the 71 people granted tickets of leave or licences inonly five had their licences revoked for non-compliance with conditions, and only seven forfeited their licences because of a subsequent conviction.
The other 59 parolees went on to complete their sentences in the community.The Ottawa Charter and Health Promotion Words | 10 Pages. significance of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion The Ottawa Charter first came into existence at the First International Health Promotion Conference in Ottawa, Canada 21 November Driving under the influence, driving while intoxicated, drunken driving, drunk driving, drink driving, operating under the influence, drinking and driving, or impaired driving is the act of driving a motor vehicle with blood levels of alcohol in excess of a legal limit.
Are you happy with the results of the November 6th election? caninariojana.com (National Binge Drinking Strategy – media release – 19 local community initiatives) Examples of links to action areas of the Ottawa Charter Build healthy public policy.
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