Posted on September 30, by Scott Alexander [Content warning:
The social stratification systems come in many different ways and forms. For example, slavery, castes, social class, race, and gender are just some of the issues that are affected by stratification.
This essay will particularly focus on the issue of stratification by gender, or in other words, gender inequality. Scott and Schwartz, When the issue is approached, it is evident that the majority of the women are the oppressed as in turn the men being the oppressor.
This idea of the oppressed vs. For example, in the Bible, God had caught Adam and Eve eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which was forbidden. Your desire will be for you husband, and he will rule over you.
Around the mid-nineteenth century until nowadays, three beliefs about women and men have prevailed as part of biology or evolution. Considering these three beliefs, women experience gender inequality in different environments, stereotypes, and occupations. For example, women are stereotyped to be only a stay at home wife and to be Discursive essay gender inequality an environment where they are responsible for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children.
Nowadays, there are more women known to have jobs and not a stay at home wife, but yet they are still responsible, or show some responsibility for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children.
As for occupations among women, they experience the limitations of the occupations available. Women also experience less pay or earnings, and the devaluation of their work by society. An article, Social Class and Gender, written by Nancy Andes, expresses occupational stratification by gender inequality through the comparison of three theoretical frameworks or perspectives.
The first theoretical framework is the sex segregation model, which is where sex is the only characteristic that affects the placement of a worker into a profession or occupation.
The third theoretical framework that is used is the integrated gendered social class model, which is where gender and class perform together that affect the positioning of women and or men in the labor force. After Andes introduces the three theoretical frameworks, she explains each frameworks or approaches in depth, in relation to a table that expresses the earnings and occupations of men and women.
The source of the table, or known as empirical evidence, is taken from the UC Bureau of the Census in The table expressed many different types of employment in the labor force. By comparing the annual earnings between men and women, the table illustrates that the men made, give and take, 10, dollars more than the women.
The numbers in the table suggest that differences in the labor market are valid, under the conditions of class position and segregation. After introducing the three theoretical frameworks and the empirical evidence, Andes illustrates many of her goals through this analysis.
But her main ultimate goal is to find which theoretical perspective or framework is best supported by empirical evidence.
In order for this analysis to happen, different data and methods were conducted, gathered, analyzed, and compared. The data that are used are from the General Social Survey combined across nine survey years.
Currently employed workers over the age of eighteen are selected, 3, women and 4, men are surveyed. The results of this method are expressed through four tables. The first table illustrates the description of 12 social classes by occupational attributes, with the 12 social classes ranging from self-employed or autonomous professional being class one to a class of unionized operatives and laborers being class twelve.
The second table illustrates the gender distribution in each of the 12 social class structures. The third table demonstrates the distribution of both gender into account and shows the proportion of women to men in each class.
In this table, women are more likely to be found as clerical workers, sales clerks, cleaning, and food service workers class 9and routine clerical and supervised technical and service workers class On the contrast, women are least likely to be found as managers, administrator, and self-employed construction contractors class 4and unionized skilled industrial workers class This table implies that women are not distributed across all social classes in equal proportion to their overall labor force participation.Transcript of Gender Equality - Argumentative Essay.
Body/ Claim EVIDENTIAL SUPPORT Conclusion workplaces should eliminate any forms of gender discrimination on the grounds of marital status, pregnancy or maternity, and in relation to family and caring responsibilities for both women and men.
The End Thanks for watching! [Content warning: Politics, religion, social justice, spoilers for “The Secret of Father Brown”. This isn’t especially original to me and I don’t claim anything more than to be explaining and rewording things I have heard from a bunch of other people.
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