It is now conceived as a versatile art form.
A metabiographical analysis is concerned with the relational nature of biographical works and stresses how the temporal, geographical, intellectual and ideological location of the biographer constructs the biographical subject differently.
Published inthe Manga biography of Gandhi by Kazuki Ebine had as one of its primary sources the film Gandhi directed by Richard Attenborough. This paper analyses the narrative devices, the cinematic and comic vocabulary, the thematic concerns and the dominant discourses underlying the two visual biographies as exemplifying the cultural and ideological profile of the biographer.
Visual Biography, metabiography, Manga, Gandhi, ideology Biography, whether in books, theatre, television and film documentaries or the new media has become the dominant narrative mode of our time. However, theorists of biography argue that the term needs to be redefined so as to encompass the varied ways in which real-life depiction is practiced — in broadcasting, publishing, television, films and the internet.
The glut of biographies and biopics on the same subject means that the same life can be read in different ways depending on the interpretation of evidence and the approach of the biographer.
In the 21st century, theories of biography hold that the authoritative, objective and impersonal type of biography is implausible, that the inherent subjectivity of biography makes the possibility of a 'true' biography an illusion and the accepted ideal is now that all biography is a form of autobiography.
The writer must view his subject from a certain position, constructed by his ideology, nationality, race, gender, class, culture, politics, and prejudice.
The metabiography stems from what is seen as the essentially unstable and contested nature of historical lives. Unlike previous practice when biographers examined earlier works to establish inadequacies and claimed a more comprehensive reading of a life, a metabiography is concerned only with the relational nature of earlier biographical works.
None of these works are more authentic or complete than the other, because they are structured and restructured according to the sensibilities and needs of the changing times. Metabiography is, thus, an analysis of biographical writings concerned with the relation of biographical representations to the temporal, geographical, institutional, intellectual and ideological locations of biographers.
In spite of the fact that there are over biographies of Mahatma Gandhi, there is still a proliferation of books on him - more 'comprehensive' and 'definitive' versions of his life, analysis of his tenets and techniques, revaluation of his practices and its relevance.
More than half a century after his death, his iconic image continues to be pervasive in contemporary culture. Every epoch has appropriated the Gandhi myth and every generation has applied its own standards of taste and morals to his conduct and convictions.
This paper attempts to interrogate the discourse embodied in two visual biographies of Gandhi, the graphic Manga biography of Gandhi by Kazuki Ebine, published inand one of its primary sources, the film Gandhiso as to determine the ideological sub- text in the narratives.
A graphic novel features a narrative related through a combination of text and visuals often in a comic strip form, with illustrations that significantly add to the meaning or understanding of a work.
In comics each frame has to occupy a different space, whereas successive movie frames are projected on the same space. This means that, unlike films, where closure takes place continually, closure in comics takes place between panels.
Like linguistic structures can choose between different word classes and clauses, visual representation can posit meaning through different compositional structures. Spatial organization of an image offers clues on the effects it creates.
The first panel, the entry point of the narrative, laid against an entirely black grid, is a cinematic establishing shot with Gandhi — highlighted and centered with maximum graphic weight —spinning outdoors and Manu framed in the verandah of the house. The Mahatma, whose identity is reconstituted from the fragments of images — the loin cloth, the gnarled hand on the spinning wheel, the round- rimmed eye glasses and the bald pate — is strategically placed in nature, like the holy men of India.
In the analysis of a series of images on representations of the Oriental, Lutz and Collins suggest that non- Westerners are represented as traditionally less advanced, closer to nature, using primitive technologies, more spiritual, more in tune with the environment and wearing fewer clothes cited in Rose The diegesis of the film, on the other hand, commences with the actual assassination and the funeral procession.A t the centre of this week's major movie is a small, bald, bespectacled figure who has walked with crowds and kept his virtue and talked with kings without losing the common touch, an astute caninariojana.com · For over half a century Gandhi has been one of the favored characters of a number of films – Nine hours to Rama () to Gandhi, My Father ().
Gandhian ethos, life and teachings are caninariojana.com · Detail from movie poster. Introduction. In his review of Gandhi when it was released in , Roger Ebert wrote, "I imagine that for many Americans, Mahatma Gandhi remains a dimly understood historical figure." Reading that line 33 years later, it is hard to believe that this was ever the caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com In fact, so remarkable his life is that it was made into a film in top-billed by actor Ben Kingsley.
The Richard Attenborough movie, which was simply entitled “Gandhi,” has concretely presented a primary leadership theory which earned a high regard for Gandhi and caninariojana.com Mohandas Gandhi was born in the western part of British-ruled India on October 2, A timid child, he was married at thirteen to a girl of the same age, Kasturbai.
Following the death of his father, Gandhi's family sent him to England in to study law. There, he became interested in the.
· Apart from all its other qualities, what makes this movie special is that it was obviously made by people who believed in it.
Cinema, Satyagraha and everyday life By Pranta Pratik Patnaik* One of the most significant phenomena of our time has been the development of the cinema from a mere art form to a potential subject for study in terms of the issues that it raises and the supposedly influences it has on the spectators. · and made it his life-work. He had the good fortune of working with veteran journalists like Horniman and Belvi. During all these years he made a deep study of Mahatma Gandhi's life and teachings. He has in his possession a vast collection of cuttings and extracts from Gandhiji's writings, all assorted under various heads. This will fill many caninariojana.com · Apart from all its other qualities, what makes this movie special is that it was obviously made by people who believed in it. The movie begins in the early years of the century, in South Africa. Gandhi moved there from India in , when he was caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com
The movie begins in the early years of the century, in South Africa. Gandhi moved there from India in , when he was caninariojana.com://caninariojana.com