The past is just that:
Ishii had proposed the creation of a Japanese biological and chemical research unit inafter a two-year study trip abroad, on the grounds that Western powers were developing their own programs.
Koizumi had joined a secret poison gas research committee induring World War Iwhen he and other Imperial Japanese Army officers became impressed by the successful German use of chlorine gas at the second battle of Ypreswhere the Allies suffered 15, casualties as a result of the chemical attack.
A jailbreak in autumn and later explosion believed to be an attack in led Ishii to shut down Zhongma Fortress. In addition to the establishment of Unitthe decree also called for the establishment of an additional biological warfare development unit called the Kwantung Army Military Horse Epidemic Prevention Workshop later referred to as Manchuria Unit and a chemical warfare development unit called the Kwantung Army Technical Testing Department.
This term originated as a joke on the part of the staff because the official cover story for the facility given to the local authorities was that it was a lumber mill.
However, in an account by a man who worked as a junior uniformed civilian employee of the Imperial Japanese Army in Unitthe project was internally called "Holzklotz", which is a German word for log. They included infants, the elderly, and pregnant women.
The members of the unit, approximately three hundred researchers, included doctors and bacteriologists ; most were Japanese, although some were Chinese and Korean collaborators. Researchers performed invasive surgery on prisoners, removing organs to study the effects of disease on the human body.
These were conducted while the patients were alive because it was thought that the death of the subject would affect the results. Those limbs that were removed were sometimes re-attached to the opposite sides of the body.
Some prisoners had their stomachs surgically removed and the esophagus reattached to the intestines. Parts of organs, such as the brain, lungs, and liver, were removed from some prisoners.
To study the effects of untreated venereal diseasesmale and female prisoners were deliberately infected with syphilis and gonorrhoeathen studied.
Prisoners were also repeatedly subject to rape by guards. The resulting choleraanthraxand plague were estimated to have killed around and possibly more thanChinese civilians. Plague-infected fleasbred in the laboratories of Unit and Unitwere spread by low-flying airplanes upon Chinese cities, including coastal Ningbo inand ChangdeHunan Province, in This military aerial spraying killed thousands of people with bubonic plague epidemics.
The effects of different water temperatures were tested by bludgeoning the victim to determine if any areas were still frozen.
Variations of these tests in more gruesome forms were performed. Syphilis[ edit ] Doctors orchestrated forced sex acts between infected and non-infected prisoners to transmit the disease, as the testimony of a prison guard on the subject of devising a method for transmission of syphilis between patients shows: Four or five unit members, dressed in white laboratory clothing completely covering the body with only eyes and mouth visible, handled the tests.
A male and female, one infected with syphilis, would be brought together in a cell and forced into sex with each other. It was made clear that anyone resisting would be shot.
Testimony from multiple guards blames the female victims as being hosts of the diseases, even as they were forcibly infected. Genitals of female prisoners that were infected with syphilis were called "jam filled buns" by guards. A Youth Corps member deployed to train at Unit recalled viewing a batch of subjects that would undergo syphilis testing: Rape and forced pregnancy[ edit ] Female prisoners were forced to become pregnant for use in experiments.
The hypothetical possibility of vertical transmission from mother to child of diseases, particularly syphilis, was the stated reason for the torture. Though "a large number of babies were born in captivity", there have been no accounts of any survivors of Unitchildren included.
It is suspected that the children of female prisoners were killed or the pregnancies terminated. The testimony of a unit member that served as guard graphically demonstrated this reality: So he and another unit member took the keys to the cells and opened one that housed a Chinese woman.
One of the unit members raped her; the other member took the keys and opened another cell. There was a Chinese woman in there who had been used in a frostbite experiment.
After this look at Unit , read up on some more of the worst war crimes ever committed as well as other Japanese war crimes from the World War II era. Then, have a look at four of the most evil science experiments ever performed and find out whether or not any of the highly disturbing Nazi research actually contributed anything to medical. Mar 17, · That research program was one of the great secrets of Japan during and after World War II: a vast project to develop weapons of biological warfare, including plague, anthrax, cholera and . Aug 16, · The museum is located to the east of the former Unit headquarters in Harbin. Thousands of men, women, and children died during the human experimentation conducted by Unit
She had several fingers missing and her bones were black, with gangrene set in. He was about to rape her anyway, then he saw that her sex organ was festering, with pus oozing to the surface.
|To this end, Unit cycled through tens of thousands of prisoners at several facilities across Manchuria, which had been occupied by imperial forces for years. Inmates of these facilities were infected with several of the most lethal pathogens known to sciencesuch as Yersinia pestis, which causes bubonic and pneumonic plague, and typhus, which the Japanese hoped would spread from person to person after being deployed and depopulate disputed areas.|
|The Unit complex covered six square kilometers and consisted of more than buildings and was based in the Pingfang district of the city of Harbin in the puppet state of Manchukuo.|
He gave up the idea, left and locked the door, then later went on to his experimental work. Flamethrowers were tested on humans. Humans were also tied to stakes and used as targets to test germ-releasing bombschemical weaponsand explosive bombs.After this look at Unit , read up on some more of the worst war crimes ever committed as well as other Japanese war crimes from the World War II era.
Then, have a look at four of the most evil science experiments ever performed and find out whether or not any of the highly disturbing Nazi research actually contributed anything to medical. Japanese war crimes occurred in many Asian and Pacific countries during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
Unit (部隊, Shichi San Ichi Butai) was a covert biological and chemical weapons research and development unit that was created by the Imperial Japanese Army.
This unit was charged with undertaking lethal human experimentation during the course of the Second Sino-Japanese War () and during the course of World War II. Aug 16, · The museum is located to the east of the former Unit headquarters in Harbin.
Thousands of men, women, and children died during the human experimentation conducted by Unit May 06, · The Rape of Nanking and the evil human experiments done by Unit usually come to mind when we think of Japanese war crimes.
Unfortunately, those awful incidents weren’t isolated cases. Fueled by racism, fanaticism, and finally desperation as their defeat seemed inevitable, the Japanese in World War II perpetrated several acts on par with Nazi war .
Unit was not the only bw/cw Unit commissioned to aid Japan’s military efforts. Dozens of Units similar to Ishii’s were established under High Command orders, or, on several occasions, by Emperor Hirohito’s fiat. The Units were to be found in virtually every area Japan conquered in the period