Towards the end of his life, Leo Tolstoy became increasingly interested in a version of pacifist Christianity with support for a strand of Anarchist Communism. His exposition of pacifism and non-violence had a profound influence on others — most notably Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King.
After his parents died during his childhood,  Tolstoy and his siblings were brought up by relatives. His time there was not a success however, with teachers describing him as "both unable and unwilling to learn. Tolstoy served as a young artillery officer during the Crimean War and was in Sevastopol during the month-long siege of Sevastopol in —55,  including the Battle of the Chernaya.
During the war he was recognised for his bravery and courage and promoted to lieutenant. During his visit, Tolstoy witnessed a public execution in Paris, a traumatic experience that would mark the rest of his life.
Writing in a letter to his friend Vasily Botkin: Henceforth, I shall never serve any government anywhere. The similar evocation of battle scenes in Hugo's novel and Tolstoy's War and Peace indicates this influence.
Tolstoy's political philosophy was also influenced by a March visit to French anarchist Pierre-Joseph Proudhonthen living in exile under an assumed name in Brussels.
Apart from reviewing Proudhon's forthcoming publication, La Guerre et la Paix War and Peace in Frenchwhose title Tolstoy would borrow for his masterpiece, the two men discussed education, as Tolstoy wrote in his educational notebooks: Tolstoy described the school's principles in his essay "The School at Yasnaya Polyana".
However, as a direct forerunner to A. Neill 's Summerhill Schoolthe school at Yasnaya Polyana  can justifiably be claimed the first example of a coherent theory of democratic education. Personal life The death of his brother Nikolay in had an impact on Tolstoy, and led him to a desire to marry.
She was called Sonya, the Russian diminutive of Sofia, by her family and friends. Sonya was copying and handwriting his epic works time after time. Tolstoy would continue editing War and Peace and had to have clean final drafts to be delivered to the publisher.
Wilson as one of the unhappiest in literary history. Tolstoy's relationship with his wife deteriorated as his beliefs became increasingly radical.
This saw him seeking to reject his inherited and earned wealth, including the renunciation of the copyrights on his earlier works. Some of the members of the Tolstoy family left Russia in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Unionand many of Leo Tolstoy's relatives and descendants today live in SwedenGermanythe United KingdomFrance and the United States.
Among them are Swedish jazz singer Viktoria Tolstoy and the Swedish landowner Christopher Paus, whose family owns the major estate Herresta outside Stockholm.
Tolstoy's earliest works, the autobiographical novels ChildhoodBoyhoodand Youth —tell of a rich landowner's son and his slow realization of the chasm between himself and his peasants. Though he later rejected them as sentimental, a great deal of Tolstoy's own life is revealed.
They retain their relevance as accounts of the universal story of growing up.Biography of Leo Tolstoy Leo Nikolaivich Tolstoy was born on August 28, to Princess Marie Volkonsky and Count Nicolas Tolstoy. Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Volkonsky manor house on the road to Kieff in Russia.
Some of the members of the Tolstoy family left Russia in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Soviet Union, and many of Leo Tolstoy's relatives and descendants today live in Sweden, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and the United States.
Leo Tolstoy, Tolstoy also spelled Tolstoi, Russian in full Lev Nikolayevich, Graf (count) Tolstoy, (born August 28 [September 9, New Style], , Yasnaya Polyana, Tula province, Russian Empire—died November 7 [November 20], , Astapovo, Ryazan province), Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world’s greatest novelists.
Leo Nikolaivich Tolstoy.
Russian Author Tolstoy read everything that came into his hands, and took notes on a wide variety of subjects.
Leo Nikolaivich Tolstoy was born on August 28, to Princess Marie Volkonsky and Count Nicolas Tolstoy. Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Volkonsky manor house on . Lev Nikolaevich (Leo) Tolstoy (–). Russian novelist, reformer, and moral thinker Tolstoy was born at Yasnaya Polyana, the Tolstoy family estate a hundred miles south of Moscow, on August